Class Notes for Week Nine

  • First, annotated bibliography is due Friday by midnight.
  • Read Unit 3 Readings (go ahead and do a reading response for bonus points.)
  • You can include pictures for points in multi-modality.
  • You can use up to two entries for the annotated bibliography.
  • Live Assistance: chat with a professional about how to do certain reference related things (only open for certain hours)
  • There are subject librarians assigned to every subject offered at GSU
  • Subject Librarians create research guides.
    • Click on “Research Guides” tab.
    • Click dropdown to English.
    • Click “Freshman English” for help with this class.
  • If you click on the icon it will bring you back to the homepage.
  • CARP (Used to evaluate sources). When writting look at…
    • Currency
    • Authority
    • Reliability
    • Purpose
  • Evaluating information is so crucial, because everyone will use this skill no matter their career or where life takes them.
  • Popular magazines are what you would find on a newsstand. Are written for the general public, so usually leave out jargon.
  • Scholarly articles require prerequisite knowledge and are peer reviewed.
  • Catalog is a database that shows what the GSU library owns.
  • Try to use the advanced search option to be more descriptive.
  • Try to narrow or expand to get 20 resulting sources.
    • Look at searches may help provide ideas.
  • Each item has a specific call number (sort of like an address). Always copy the entire number!
  • When you see a period it’s actually a decimal. (Use logical-mathematical skills.)
  • Can check them out at other libraries with your panther card.

Annotated Bibliography One

How have the historic spaces within Atlanta contributed to the city’s economic as well as physical growth?


Lapenas, Denise. “Historic Preservation: Gentrification or Economic Development” Skidmore College, Accessed 3 March 2017.

As many residents of Atlanta know, there are numerous smaller communities within the city: some areas are home to the affluent and others have mostly low-income families. Regardless of their majority income, most areas lay claim to historic sites engulfed by residential areas. Dr. Lapenas’ article depicts how the growth of the city can both encourage historical preservation as well as historical sites contributing to the physical and economic growth of the city. To be more specific, Lapenas details that the creation of such sites can create economic growth through jobs, tourism markets, and overall revitalization of urban environments. This, in turn, contributes to the rapid growth of the physical city as well as a push for similar sites to be established in other areas so that they may too reap the same benefits. However, as Lapenas points out, the inclusion of historic sites may also lead to gentrification, which as previously stated, can be observed in Atlanta’s trendier communities. From reading the article, it has provided evidence of why and how communities located closer to more popular historic sites tend to be more affluent. Furthermore, this knowledge contributes to understanding the overall space of Atlanta and why there seems to be such rapid growth of residential areas around certain sites, instead of the historic sites being more clustered as one might expect. I choose this article because I felt that it would provide both sides of the argument as to how rapid growth is both affecting as well as being affected by historic sites. In the same regard, I also thought it was beneficial to clearly identify the pros and cons of the situation. Although I feel that it is worth mentioning, that this source was not directly obtained from a scholarly collection, so it, therefore, loses some of its credibility.

Below I have attached two postcards. One is a postcard is of the downtown Atlanta skyline in 1966. The other, a current view of the city. From the discussion above, these pictures depict how much the city has truly grown. Of course, the addition of historical sites is not the only reason behind rapid growth, but it has most certainly contributed to Atlanta’s economic development. Additionally, as visitors of Atlanta know, the dense metropolis has also affected the sites by creating a more noticeable division.

Postcard of Atlanta from 1966 (Depicts a sparse skyline compared to the present.)
Postcard of Atlanta from 1966. Source:
Current Skyline of Downtown Atlanta. Source:×300/17f82f742ffe127f42dca9de82fb58b1/s/k/skyline_clouds_1.jpg


Rypkema, Donovan. “Culture, Historic Preservation and Economic Development in the 21st Century.” Columbia, Accessed 4 March 2017.

In a similar regard, the next article also addresses how historical preservation and how the creation of these sites can lead to significant economic development. More specifically, Rypkeme defined historical preservation in terms of economic transformation. Some of the positive factors mentioned that may possibly contribute to the economy include “job creation…and training”, “import substitution”, “compatibility of modernization…and evolution”, “natural business incubator for small enterprises” and the “opportunity for tourism”. When looking at this list it’s important to note that the ideas were originally created with China in mind. I, however, decided to include this article in my annotated bibliography, because the benefits are also applicable to the city of Atlanta. To continue on in the article, Rypkema then discusses the ways historical preservation and economic development affect public policies. The detailed list that seems most relevant for the annotated bibliographies purpose include the spectrum of scale for preservation projects (they all do not have to be massive),  that the areas are “determined as appropriate targets for public intervention”, provide appropriate spaces for the creation of organizations, and the chance to modernize without the destruction of history. In sum, the article identifies the positive ways in which historical preservation can promote growth in cities, such as Atlanta.

As I previously mentioned, the text cited above provides information to how historical preservation sites are a factor in both physical and economic growth in Atlanta over the years. One of the most important factors, as mentioned by both the current as well as the prior, is tourism. Below I have attached several pictures of Atlanta’s most commonly known historical sites. To be more specific, I felt that the inclusion of the pictures further provided evidence of this industry and it’s significant impact on the city. Could you imagine Atlanta without the Oakland Cemetery? Without the Flat Iron building? Without the Hurt Plaza?

Red brick gate to Oakland Cemetery.
Oakland Cemetery Entrance Gate.
Flatiron Building. Source:
Interior Entrance of the Hurt Plaza. Source:


Georgia Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division. “Economic Incentives.” Georgia Department of Natural Resources,

After looking at how historical spaces can contribute to the economic and physical growth of cities theoretically, it is arguably also important to provide evidence from Atlanta’s own sites. I choose to use the information from the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, because I felt that it would adequately provide such data. According to the website’s page, the author recognized what the other authors insisted in their own articles. Namely, “that historic preservation in Georgia spurs investment, attracts visitors, revitalizes downtowns, and effectively leverages scarce resources”, therefore adding monetary value to Georgia economy as well as attracting residents. Furthermore, the author also gave specific examples of how this occurs. For example, Georgia promotes the “rehabilitation of historic buildings” through tax incentive programs. This, in turn, creates incentives for jobs which allow workers to buy goods and services using their incomes. Finally, the author Susan D. Holmes, the former mayor of Monticello and a state representative, to further support the claim by citing the success of historic preservation in her own community. In light of this information, the page helps to add context to the rhetoric of Atlanta’s space, because it allowed me to understand the importance of historical sites around the city. Additionally, the text has also helped me to understand why growth has been so rapid around historical attractions. Nevertheless, I feel that I should mention that this piece was written with a government agency who wants to promote this phenomenon. To be more clear, this means that they may be biased because in order to get the public on their side.

“Atlanta Area Employment” Source:


Laurie, John. “Historic Preservation and Culster Based Economic Development.” Economic Development Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, 2008, Accessed 5 March 2017.

The last three sources looked at how historical preservation has affected economic and physical growth in the past, making it now necessary to analyze how these sites may change the space of Atlanta in the future. I choose this scholarly article because it focused on this perspective as well as be for its credible nature since it was included in a scholarly journal as well as the GSU library resources.  More specifically, once again the author further confirms that historical preservation can contribute to economic development through the previously discussed results (i.e. the creation of jobs). However, the text offers a new idea called “culture based approach”, which focuses on the competition within a certain area increasing the strength of their economic success when looking from the perspective of a national or global economy. From there, the author then answers the question of how this relates to historical preservation. These “benefits include access to specialized knowledge, skills, and resources; lower transaction costs; specialized infrastructure; and enhanced productivity and output”, which results from such preservation. Taking this knowledge into consideration, one can imagine that historical preservation will only add to Atlanta’s newly found economic boom as it has in the past. Alluding to the ever growing development of Atlanta in the near and far future.


Lawson Smith, Kennedy. “Historic Preservation Meets Community Development.” The Community Land Use and Economics Group,…/Smith_Historic_Preservation.pdf. Accessed 5 March 2017.

The final article I choose to include in the first bibliography is centered on how historical preservation saves money, instead of just how it can produce benefits, which is arguably equal importance. For example, the author employs the idea that instead of spending money on demolition and reconstruction, one could instead use the funds to revitalize a historic version. (This method both has the economic benefits of a traditional new construction job as well as preserving history.) Furthermore, this method could also work in both business and residential areas, even creating subjectively better affordable housing. Overall, I felt that this article contributed nicely to the other pieces by backing up their points, while also providing a new perspective on the economic benefits of historical preservation. This information can also be applicable to our own city since the buildings will continue to age. Therefore, this article may influence developers to consider the option of revitalizing rather than rebuilding. An example of such building in Atlanta includes the Flatiron building and the Hurt Plaza. However, it’s important to note that one weakness is that the article was written with Bosten specifically in mind, instead of Atlanta.


Sjoquist, David L. & Lakshmi Pandey. “A Comparison of Economic Growth Trends between Atlanta and Other Large Metropolitan Areas” The Center for State and Local Finance, 6 Oct. 2015, Accessed 20 March 2017.

As a comparison piece, Sjoquist and Pandey explain Atlanta’s economic and physical growth through charts and data tables. In the written explanation, the author detail how Atlanta compares to other metropolitan areas in the previously mentioned areas. For example, the first section is titled “population” focuses in on the change in population from 1990 to 2013. As expected Atlanta’s population increased both in number as well as in rank “from 12th to 9th”. Furthermore, Atlanta’s employment growth increased in a similar manner compared to population, “because the correlation between population and employment is very high”. In comparison with other cities, Atlanta has experienced similar if not better growth in term of economic and population growth. However, the authors note that Atlanta performs underwhelmingly in terms of per capita growth compared to other large metropolitan areas. (More specifically, the percent increase in “per capita income” was significantly lower than its counterparts.) In their conclusion, the authors then somewhat alluded to a call for action for Georgia to “rethink its economic development strategy, both in terms types of jobs that are being added and the skill levels of the workers.”

After reading and viewing the graphs, I thought that the thoughts included in this bibliography would be a relevant reply to the issue addressed in this piece. For example, in the previous entries, the sources provided evidence that preserving historical sites provided jobs which would produce skilled workers. (An area of concern discussed by the authors.) Additionally, the jobs that require such skills have the potential to aid the percentage of “per capita income growth”. Overall, the inclusion of this piece provide evidence and understanding of the rapid growth of Atlanta both physically and economically but is also critical of changes that need to be addressed.


Leithe, Joni and Patricia Tigue. “Profiting from the Past: The Economic Impact of Historic Preservation in Georgia.” Athens-Clarke County Unified Government and the Historic Preservation Division, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 1999, Accessed 20 March 2017.

In accordance with the other texts, this source also identifies historical preservation as not only a necessary but also as a beneficial technique to promote growth in Atlanta and Georgia in general. To clarify, the other points out six specific benefits of historical preservation. The first being that historical preservation “creates jobs”, a point that has been discussed in almost all of the sources. The authors then continues on by saying that preserving historical sites also “enhances property values” and “revitalizes communities”. (Both supported by cases observed in the cities of Athens, Milledgeville, Tifton, and Rome.) Finally, the authors then attest to the power of the tourism industry in both Georgia and the U.S. as a whole. More specifically, “tourists spent over $453 million on historic-related leisure activities”, translating to a booming economic sector in the Georgia economy. Overall, the tourism industry attracts visitors for longer periods of time and has a large monetary value.

Even with these well-evidenced points, I feel it is necessary to point out that the text was written by a college in collaboration with a government department. This adds to the piece’s credibility, but it may also be biased towards promoting the government’s interests. Further, it is also important to explain that this relates to the other sources by confirming and identifying similar points. Additionally, I chose this source because it revealed the historical sites importance to the city and its relevance in the future. Finally, I also feel the need to mention that this source was written 1999, so the data and findings may be a bit outdated.


Hemmer, Lee. “Bridging economic growth with historical preservation.” Atlanta Business Chronicle, 29 Apr. 2016, Accessed 20 March 2017.

The next text I decided to incorporate into the bibliography was an article that primarily acts as a case study for how historical preservation can promote economic and physical growth in cities. In this case, the author focused on Gainesville-Hall County located just outside Atlanta. Lee begins by saying, “Gainesville-Hall County was recently ranked third in the nation and first in Georgia for number of economic development projects,” alluding to the county’s economic strength and potential. This leads the author to emphasize the economic power, while also identifying a particular concern: promoting growth while preserving historical sites. (This is highly relevant to both the annotated bibliography as a whole as well as the other sources.) Of particular interest, Lee then examines the example of the Healan-Head’s Grist Mill in the aforementioned counties. More specifically, the process of restoring the site in order to transform the Mill into a preserved historical site attracting tourists to the area. Overall, the article provides evidence to support the previous pieces; historical preservation is an effective economic growth method which in turn leads to physical growth.

Overall, I chose this case, because I felt that it is relevant to understanding our own city and how historical preservation can contribute to its growth. However, I believe it is important to note that the cities located within Gainesville-Hall County is a much smaller than that of Atlanta. However, the general information can also be applied to Atlanta. Also, I would like to point out the article was written by the associate of a chairman on the Hall Chamber of Commerce. This means that the article may have been written to promote the agenda of the Hall Chamber of Commerce, potentially to promote tourism.


O’Connell, Kim A. “Caught Between Housing & History”. Journal of Housing & Community Development, Sept./Oct. 2004,

The following article by O’Connell addresses the issue of whether it is better to preserve historic housing or build new amenities in order to address the needs of a growing population. Within this population, the author focuses on those that are in need of affordable housing, which is more likely to be older buildings. After all, “the National Trust for Historical Preservation [states] 32 percent of household below the poverty line live in older and historic homes”, further accentuating the issue. From the author’s viewpoint, buildings, such as the Techwood Homes mentioned in the article, could be equally as good if not better than destruction and rebuilding. The author then cites several different points to support her arguments as well as further back the ideas that permeate all the sources in the bibliography. One such benefit is that “developers can take advantage of the Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit”, which acts as an incentive for the historical preservation of structures. Secondly, the author promotes the idea of “communities with character” suggesting that preserved history fosters a sense of pride in residents and may contribute to their unity.

Obviously, this article relates to Atlanta in the sense that it discusses a distinct residential area, but at a deeper level it can reveal a great deal more about the city. For example, in the first bibliography entry, I mentioned that there are small communities within the city with a distinct energy and aesthetic. In many cases, this is due to the historic buildings that are only standing due to historical preservation. Furthermore, I also choose this article, because I thought this would be an ever growing issue as housing continues to age as well as the population continues to grow. However, I think it is important to note that the article was written in 2004, so the views and evidence may be a bit dated. This somewhat discreditable factor is balanced by the author’s credentials of winning several awards, such as the Lee Prize.


Morgan, Julie D. “Economic Benefits of Historic Preservation in Georgia, A Study of Three Communities: Athens, Rome, and Tifton.” Athens-Clarke County Planning Department, 1997,

Like one of the previous entries, the article by Morgan is a case study looking at the cities of Athens, Rome, and Tifton. Even though the cities are similar to the other article, I decided this article would be a good addition due to the factors the author uses to analyze the effectiveness of historical preservation to promote economic development. These factors include construction, real estate, and tourism. At a closer look, construction creates jobs as well as puts revenue into the community economy. Furthermore, looking at real estate may reveal a great deal about how historical preservation affects property value. Finally, tourism, as discussed in previous entries, also adds monetary value to the economy, which promotes growth. After careful analysis, the studies found that all three cities experienced beneficial results from historical preservation in the factors mentioned above.

In addition to some of the other previous articles, it’s important to understand that the article was written in 1997, so there may have been changes in the towns since the article was first written. Further, since the article was not written about Atlanta the ideas may not transfer identically to the city, but could still yield similar results. However, I believe that the factors could be applicable to measuring the benefits of historical preservation in Atlanta.

Class Notes for Week Eight

Built Environment Description Notes:

  • Make sure it is broken up into readable paragraphs.
  • Go beyond just describing what kind of evidence was there, to actually detailing what was found there. (Be super descriptive.)
  • Make sure there is a clear focus on a detail. For example, color, people, etc.
  • Additionally, make sure there is a clear distinction between objective and subjective. The objective is from the perspective of ANYONE that would go to your space at that time. On the other hand, is your perspective and what details were specific to you and your thoughts.
  • Need to try to balance between pictures and text. (A picture isn’t always worth a thousand words.)
  • Need to think about accessibility. Maybe include rich descriptions, for those that are visually impaired. (There are all kinds of different visual impairments, such as colorblindness.)
  • Using the text to emphasize what you want the reader to focus on in the image.
  • Need to be written from the public forum.
  • Think about how your title may affect the reader’s response.
  • For revisions, revise based on the feedback and then reflect on what you did and why in a blog post. (If you get no points just resubmit.)


  • Two components: online “in the cloud” or offline a plugin you can use for words
  • First, create an account and then log in.
  • Using Zotero you can access the sources from the GSU library from your personal files.
  • If you have the tools, you can save the actual resource using “coins”. After this, it will save it to the library.
  • You can drag the source into your word document and it will give you the correct bibliography with any format. (Makes it really easy to generate a work cited page.

Annotated Bibliography

  • Two components: citation (the source) and then the paragraph (why you’re using it (justification), summary).
  • Make sure you are specific in your summaries and not just generalizing information. Next, justify why you are using this source. It may also be a good idea to note biases that may be present, if necessary. Also, explain how this relates to your other sources.
  • First one has only 5 entries.
  • The next one is the 5 plus an additional 5.
  • Look at her website for detailed description of the project.
  • Brainstorming Ideas
    • How has the rapid growth of the city infringed on the organization and historical preservation of sites throughout Atlanta?
      • Oakland Cemetary (Relate to Parting Ways)
      • Pemberton House
      • Destruction and Construction
      • Scattered downtown (business vs. residential)
  • Create a new post entitled “Annotated Bibliography”.

Focused Built Environment Description for Oakland Cemetery

Oakland Cemetry is surrounded by a red brick gate on the outer edge of the city. Within its threshold, are the sites where many residents of Atlanta were laid to rest, including notable individuals. For example, visitors can pay their respects to Bobby Jones, Margret Mitchell, governors, and numerous former mayors of Atlanta. In addition to the former residents of Atlanta, one may also find a plethora of natural landscapes within the brick walls.

To be more specific, when one enters the gate they are immediately greeted by various trees, bushes, flowers, as well as animals mingled throughout the plots dedicated to various families.

One of the first qualities that may come to one’s attention, is the flowers planted around the graves. The picture above shows the most common flower found in Oakland during the spring months, daffodils.

As one walks down the brick pathway, the daffodils only become more common. They are planted in thick lines, usually surrounding the grave. Above the bright yellow flowers and green stalks, the buzz of bees can be heard by passersby.

In addition to the yellow daffodils, roses are also a common flower that one may find while browsing the headstones. Although, these come in more variety than that of the daffodils discussed earlier. In more detail, the roses varied from slim stems (as pictured above) to large bushes (as pictured below).

Nevertheless, the roses seemed to have the commonality of being placed in prominent spaces on the plot: most commonly near the headstone. In addition to their visual aesthetic, the roses also may attract visitors by their subjectively sweet scent that is apparent from the immediate entrance of the cemetery.

Aside from the roses and daffodils, there are also various other flowers that a visitor will observe. As one could imagine, these flowers include colors from the whole spectrum of the rainbow and vary in shape as well as size. Overall, the flowers are a very prominent feature of Oaklands public property. They remain as a memorial to those who have passed away, but also looked upon and enjoyed by visitors at the cemetery.

Equally important are the trees rooted in Oakland’s historical soil. In a similar manner, one may also observe that the trees also vary in species and look like the flowers. However, unlike the flowers, the trees are not organized or presented in a particular way. They scatter the space and seem as if the majority were present before the first plot was claimed. As evidence, pictured below is a root which as interrupted the even patterned brick path.

Further, the long branches feel the empty blue sky when one looks above. Most of the brown branches were empty at the time of my personal visit, but other were painted green with leaves pinned to their limbs. Additionally, one may find shade under the canopy of the large branches as many benches are placed amongst the trees.

Finally, I think it’s also important to note that a visitor at the cemetery may also experience other plants that add to the sites green aesthetic. Furthermore, the sheer variety and number of plants transform the site to appear more as a natural space rather than a manmade space consisting of solely granite and concrete. Arguably, without the plants present, Oakland would lose some of its visitor appeal of a garden-like atmosphere in memorial to some of Atlanta’s most prominent deceased.

Oakland Cemetery’s Natural Aesthetic Video

Personal Site Response for Oakland Cemetery

Oakland Cemetery. A quite ominous name, for what I found to be such a lovely place. I arrived at the cemetery on a hot Friday afternoon in mid-February. After getting off at the King Memorial station, I then walked maybe four or five blocks and was immediately taken aback by the majestic gate that appeared to guard the entrance from the outside world: the living. Little did I know that there was  much life to be found within its walls.

Immediately upon entering the gate, I was surprised at the sheer number and variety of plants that decorate its grounds. To be more specific, I think I found this intriguing, because what I saw contradicted with my existing schema of what a cemetery should look like. After all, what do most people picture when they hear the word “cemetery” or “graveyard”? Maybe uniform granite headstones with gothic writing? A gray sky? Plastic, aged flowers tattered from passing time? Much to my surprise, Oakland looked more like a well-monumented garden, than any cemetery that I had ever visited.

One of my absolute favorite parts of my visit was that the daffodils were in full bloom. Their bright yellow flowers beamed as if they were tiny suns blinding the passer-bys. They surrounded me and filled me with warm and love. (What I could only imagine was energy left from times not so long ago.)

From there, I traveled deeper into the graveyard following the cobblestone path. However, unlike the beginning, the mood seemed to shift. The dense daffodils were now thinning and yielding their space to empty trees, black against the bright blue sky. As I walked farther, the dead, brown leaves started to crunch under my feet. With a prominent sadness disrupting my thoughts, I began to notice something peculiar. I, unconsciously, had begun to walk on the balls of my feet. It was almost as if I was trying to be as quiet and respectful as possible. This then led me to ponder how and why the rhetorical space led to this particular behavior manifestation.

As I continued to walk, the cobblestone path then ended and changed direction. I thought this strange, but  I decided it was probably best to start exploring the other side. However, before I reached the main path again, I came across a sight that took my breath away yet again. For as far as I could see, headstones and empty tree limbs filled the horizon. It made me really upset to see so much death centered in so much life. More specifically, the more immediate life of nature and the life of the city seen as skyscrapers in the distance.

Oakland Cemetery (Bench View)

After this sight heightened my sense of sadness, I then decided it was time to take a break. As a mentioned at the top of the post, the day that I visited the cemetery was usually hot for a February in Georgia. Because of this, I decided to sit on a shaded bench directly across from a willow tree. Once again, I could see flowers and green grass, changing my mood to be a bit more uplifting. While sitting I could hear birds chirping, the wind whistling through the iron gate, and the rustling of full green bushes. It was the culmination of my entire visit: both life and death. The green and flowers symbolizing life, and the empty trees and their fallen leaves symbolizing death. All in all, after deep reflection, I felt that Oakland’s natural aesthetic was representative of the cycle of life and death.

Mid-Term Conference Reflection

From my discussion with Dr. Wharton, I was able to get a better understanding of my progress in the class and how I can improve. More specifically, we agreed that one of the areas that I need improvement in is utilizing multi-modality in my major projects. In order to actually address this issue, I plan on incorporating different modes other than text to engage the reader, such as pictures, videos, and links. Furthermore, I plan to revise my first reading response and BED to reinforce this skill and earn class participation points. Additionally, we also discussed my current reading response, which I found to be very helpful and reassuring. Going along with this theme, I was also reassured of the points I have earned so far in the class. According to Dr. Wharton, our upcoming projects are going to be major values, which makes me feel a little anxious. Overall, I really enjoyed my conference and left with a feeling of renewed confidence in my past work and a motivation to perform even better on the upcoming assignments. One question I forgot to ask is what is the glossary option for points? I didn’t seem to catch what that entails at the beginning of the semester.

Thank you so much, Dr. Wharton.

Class Notes for Week Seven

Reading Response:

  • Have to have at least 10 annotations.
  • Is it rhetorically aware? Remember to summarize and bring the two texts together.
  • Can I tell from the annotation that you have read the texts? (Don’t just define a word.)
  • You must make a claim and then cite passages or give a summary to provide evidence.
  • You want to try to make a strong connection between your annotations and texts. Think about the bridge between claims and textual evidence.
  • The organization category is focused on a similar thread that runs through all the annotations. When revising try to make this clearer. For example, if a question is posed in the text maybe the next would answer that question.
  • Remember to integrate images and links into the annotations (a.k.a. multi-modality).
  • Dr. Wharton stated that she cares more about substance, rather than small grammar issues.
  • We plan our annotations to be linear, but this may not be necessarily possible. Dr. Whaton looks for transition words or phrases that refer to previous annotations.
  • In the summary make sure to cite it in your supplemental text. Not necessary for every annotation, but maybe provide a link. This would get you points for multi-modality.
  • In an essay, we sometimes depend on sequence, when we should really focus on clarification. The annotation allows us to practice logical connections and incorporating secondary sources.
  • Dr. Wharton needs to see an effort to revise and evidence of the process.
  • Can include personal experiences in the annotations. Also, can include questions and criticize the article. Further, you can look at the writing. Where was it confusing? What are some illogical fallacies?
  • Create and think about a balance between visual and text, instead of supplemental.
  • You can earn revision points on major projects. (Try to find time to incorporate pictures into the body of text for BED 1 and improve modality in Reading Response 1). Also, you need to write a reflection on how you improved the project.)
  • Reading Response 2 is due on Friday! 🙂
  • You may ask her whether you should do revisions for participation points or for her to regrade your assignment.

Kathleen G. Scholl and Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi:

  • Learning is connected to the learning environment (i.e. college campuses).
  • Campus affect learning outcomes and campus green spaces improve student learning.
  • Mainly looks at restorative value and attention.
  • Paying attention is kind of an exertion the way you can have physical exertion.
  • Having somewhere like the quad is just as important as places like the computer lab for student achievement.
  • This argument justifies the recreational expense of having these green spaces.
  • Criteria for beauty (subjective): architecture, nature, unique, isolated/self-contained
  • Scholl and Gulwadi have a very specific picture of an ideal college in mind. (These colleges also tend to be costly, private, elite/selective.)
  • These ideas may be somewhat unrealistic for urban colleges, like GSU.
  • One critic is that they have a generally good argument, but how do we address that at GSU?
  • Be careful about making assumptions when talking about the quality of a space.
  • Addressing the attention concept, just because you don’t go outside doesn’t mean your attention will fail. (This is a very subjective view.)
  • If green spaces are good for everyone, why would we be exclusive?
  • The author’s argument is somewhat narrow. (Need to think about other solutions that would be a better for the community.)
  • Need to think about who the changes.
  • Their conception of the type of student is very narrow.
  • Looked at Stadiumville and the controversies that surrounded it.

Atlanta Image (Municipal Market)

Municipal Market is located on the corner of Edgewood Avenue and Jesse Hill Jr Drive SE. Upon arriving, one may notice that the building is located amongst residential buildings, such as Georgia State’s Patton Hall dorming facility and the One 12 Apartments. As you continue to walk down the sidewalk you then come across pastel green doors surrounded by flowers and other decorations.   When entering the building, one may become overwhelmed by all the activity present in the building. The smell of food wafts through the air. As you let your nose lead the way, you eventually come across the iconic luminous sign that reads “Municipal Market”. It glows and reflects off the glass cases that hold various meat products and other intriguing cuisines. All around are different types of food as well as people. The building has a busy energy, similar to markets located within the boundaries of foreign countries.

(On a more personal note, my favorite snack to get at the market is called the “triple”. It’s a popcorn tossed in cheese, butter, and caramel. When I describe this combination to most people it sounds gross, but upon tasting it’s salty/sweet flavor most people quickly change their minds. I highly recommend it to everyone who plans to take a trip to Municipal Market!)

Mid-Term Conference Question (SOS)

  1. Am I on track for making an A in the course?
  2. Are there any patterns you have noticed in my work that need to be addressed?
  3. Does improving and resubmitting apply to major projects such as the reading responses and built environment descriptions?

Class Notes for Week Six

Google Docs:

  • -100 points for absences.
  • Table contains breakdown for assignments.
  • Highlighted in blue is the total points.
  • Look at rubrics for major projects.
  • Separate rubrics for formative suggestions and summative points (encourages student to look at feedback).
    • used to see where you need to improve in specific categories.
    • used to see improvement between the different phases of projects.
  • Total Points= General Participation Points + Major Project Points – Absences.
  • Check math just to make sure points are added correctly.
  • Can get points for feedback on google doc.

Reorganizing Website:

  • Hover over title.
  • Select “Menu”.
  • (Can also be accessed from Dashboard.) Appearance > Menu.
  • Select primary menu or top menu.
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Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination And Segregation Through Physical Design Of The Built Environment,” by Sarah Schindler:

  • Rhetorical Situation: what you’re responding to, engaging in, and shaping.
    • Purpose: why the author wrote the piece. (examples: inform, analyze, question, etc.)
      • Purpose of Schindler’s Article: One is to make an argument on how and why districting and architecture can lead to racial and socio-economic divides. Also, informs the reader by using specific examples of how the built environment can encourage segregation and discrimination. Example: Some people don’t want MARTA to expand, because it gives people of a low socio-economic class access to other areas. Example 2: In Long Island bridges were made so only people could afford cars could get to the beach.
      • Author: Sarah Schindler is a law professor. Yale published her article and has received a lot of positive feedback. Also, lot’s of evidence that can be traced back to footnotes and documentation.
      • Audience: She is writing for the people who may not know the history or all the examples she sights. The article was posted through Yale, so it is targeted for an academic context. Also, maybe targets legislators, civil rights leaders, judges, or lawyers.
  • Rhetoric is not only something you do in class. Even facebook posts can be rhetoric.
  • Content of this class: rhetoric and rhetoric of built environment
  • At the end of class a survey was conducted by Dr. Holmes.